Language

“That’s a good girl”: how women are infantilised during obstetric care and labour

Retrieved on: 
Friday, February 16, 2024

She referred to Kate as a “silly girl” and told her she needed to calm down.

Key Points: 
  • She referred to Kate as a “silly girl” and told her she needed to calm down.
  • He asked if this was “the silly girl” he’d heard about, and then told her to control herself.
  • Nevertheless, everyday sexism, particularly in the form of paternalistic and patronising language, remains common throughout UK obstetric care, according to our research.

No respect

  • In our study exploring birth experiences, many participants told stories of interventions during childbirth, including surgery, that were performed without consent, or adequate pain relief.
  • Participants also discussed experiences of their own views or knowledge about what was happening to their bodies, being ignored.

Language matters

  • The language used about and to pregnant women matters because it sets the context for the way in which they are treated and the extent to which they are valued as experts in what is happening to their own bodies.
  • This may be because paternalistic language can be difficult to call out.
  • For these contributors to the discussion, the language used by health care professionals wasn’t as important as the quality of the healthcare they were providing.

“Good girls” don’t complain

  • This concern prevented many of them from putting in a complaint.
  • Our findings suggest that the extent of experiences of sexist language, and more overt discriminatory or poor practice, may be significantly under reported.


Nadia von Benzon does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

As a rabbi, philosopher and physician, Maimonides wrestled with religion and reason – the book he wrote to reconcile them, ‘Guide to the Perplexed,’ has sparked debate ever since

Retrieved on: 
Friday, February 16, 2024

Reason, meanwhile, means inquiry that draws on logic and deductive reasoning.

Key Points: 
  • Reason, meanwhile, means inquiry that draws on logic and deductive reasoning.
  • For Maimonides, a 12th century theologian, philosopher, rabbi and physician, there is no true faith without reason.
  • In this rabbi’s view, the idea of a battle between faith and reason sets boundaries where none need exist.
  • This synthesis is at the heart of Maimonides’ most famous philosophical work, “The Guide for the Perplexed.”

Jerusalem and Athens

  • Some philosophers have described them as two different cities, as when University of Chicago professor Leo Strauss wrote of “Jerusalem and Athens.” Both cities love wisdom, Strauss wrote, but attribute it to different things.
  • In “Athens,” on the other hand, symbolized by the ancient Greek philosophers, “the beginning of wisdom is wonder” – the wonder of inquiry and reason.
  • As a doctor, astronomer and philosopher, however, he was just as knowledgeable about the science of his day.
  • In Part II of his “Guide,” Maimonides credits Aristotle with helping to prove three key principles about God: God is incorporeal, without a physical body; God is one; and God transcends the material world.

Science and scripture

  • Rather, he argues that the truths of science and philosophy must inform how people interpret the Bible.
  • If reason teaches that God is incorporeal, this means that God has no body; God does not physically see, nor do people see God.
  • And if God does not literally speak, then the Bible cannot be the literal word of God.


Maimonides insists that the Bible be appreciated as an esoteric text. Any part of the revealed text that does not fit with a true understanding of God and the universe must be read allegorically. Reason does not eliminate his faith in God, or the power of scripture. Instead, reason protects people from believing something incorrect about God’s nature. Maimonides insists that we have faith in reason and that reason ground our faith.

The palace of God

  • Reason was the tool needed to make sense of sacred texts, and philosophical inquiry was the process needed to get it right.
  • Toward the end of his “Guide for the Perplexed,” Maimonides lays out what he believes are different levels of enlightenment.
  • The allegory centers on a king’s palace: Only a select few, those who pursue truest wisdom grounded in philosophy and science, will reach the room where the king – God – resides.


Randy L. Friedman does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

Canon named a Leader in IDC MarketScape: Worldwide Sustainability Programs and Services Hardcopy

Retrieved on: 
Friday, February 16, 2024

MELVILLE, N.Y., Feb. 16, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Canon Inc., the parent company of Canon U.S.A., Inc., announced 2/13/24 that it was named a “Leader” in “IDC MarketScape for Worldwide Sustainability Programs and Services Hardcopy 2023 Vendor Assessment1.” This report marks its first corporate assessment from the perspective of sustainability.

Key Points: 
  • MELVILLE, N.Y., Feb. 16, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Canon Inc., the parent company of Canon U.S.A., Inc., announced 2/13/24 that it was named a “Leader” in “IDC MarketScape for Worldwide Sustainability Programs and Services Hardcopy 2023 Vendor Assessment1.” This report marks its first corporate assessment from the perspective of sustainability.
  • The survey evaluated 11 of the world's hardcopy vendors across metrics such as corporate strategies, business operations and products in the context of sustainability.
  • As sustainability initiatives have recently become crucial in business decision-making, companies who are procuring printing-related products or services can use the results of this survey as a guide when selecting vendors.
  • According to IDC MarketScape, “Organizations should consider Canon if they are looking for a hardcopy vendor that offers a holistic approach to cover every facet of sustainability, spanning business operations, products and business models, and governance/compliance.

Pulse Seismic Inc. Reports 2023 Financial Results and Declares Dividend

Retrieved on: 
Friday, February 16, 2024

The Company has included these non-GAAP financial measures because management, investors, analysts and others use them as measures of the Company’s financial performance.

Key Points: 
  • The Company has included these non-GAAP financial measures because management, investors, analysts and others use them as measures of the Company’s financial performance.
  • These non-GAAP financial measures are defined, calculated and reconciled to the nearest GAAP financial measures in the Management's Discussion and Analysis.
  • Pulse owns the largest licensable seismic data library in Canada, currently consisting of approximately 65,310 square kilometres of 3D seismic and 829,207 kilometres of 2D seismic.
  • Pulse does not publish specific financial goals or otherwise provide guidance, due to the inherently poor visibility of seismic revenue.

Perception Unveils Innovative AI Tool Enabling Designers to Translate Words into Color Palettes

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 15, 2024

IRVINE, Calif., Feb. 15, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Today, Perception, the design intelligence company, announced the launch of Perception Studio – a new offering to help designers effortlessly craft color palettes within an intuitive, web-based platform. Combining generative AI with in-depth color psychology research, Perception Studio is poised to transform how color choices are made in the design industry.   

Key Points: 
  • Combining generative AI with in-depth color psychology research, Perception Studio is poised to transform how color choices are made in the design industry.
  • Perception Studio's comprehensive tools empower designers to tell cohesive brand stories through color.
  • Creative Inspiration: Full access to Perception's Palette Dictionary containing over 50M+ color palettes definitions indexed by individual colors and words.
  • "Our Perception Studio offering marks a significant milestone in the intersection of AI and design," said Mike Merchant, CEO and Founder of Perception.

Competitive Markets Groups Announce Congressional Award Winners, Legislator of the Year

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 15, 2024

WASHINGTON, D.C., Feb. 15, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Today, the Organization for Competitive Markets (OCM) and Competitive Markets Action (CMA), publicly announced the recipients of their 2023 Congressional Leadership Awards and their Competitive Markets Legislator of the Year Award recipient, U.S. Rep. Alex Mooney, R-WV.

Key Points: 
  • WASHINGTON, D.C., Feb. 15, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Today, the Organization for Competitive Markets (OCM) and Competitive Markets Action (CMA), publicly announced the recipients of their 2023 Congressional Leadership Awards and their Competitive Markets Legislator of the Year Award recipient, U.S. Rep. Alex Mooney, R-WV.
  • Rep. Alex Mooney, R-WV, was selected as the Competitive Markets overall Legislator of the Year for 2023.
  • Quotes from the Members of Congress:
    “I’m honored to be named the Competitive Markets Legislator of the Year in Congress.
  • The foundation of the Organization for Competitive Markets is to fight for competitive markets in agriculture for farmers, ranchers and rural communities.

From Deadheads on bulletin boards to Taylor Swift ‘stans’: a short history of how fandoms shaped the internet

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 15, 2024

In this series, our academics dive into fan cultures: how they developed, how they operate, and how they shape the world today.

Key Points: 
  • In this series, our academics dive into fan cultures: how they developed, how they operate, and how they shape the world today.
  • Here is a brief history of how fan cultures shaped – and were shaped by – the internet.

Early adopters

  • As early as the 1970s, fans were participating in digital spaces.
  • In the 1990s, science-fiction fans established online repositories, using Usenet groups for fannish discussion and fan-fiction distribution.
  • The public nature of Twitter (now X) allowed fans to come together in large groups to start trends and campaign.

The public and the private

  • Fans move between private and public spaces online, negotiating different identities.
  • On platforms like Tumblr and LiveJournal, fans often choose a pseudonym, whereas Facebook enforces a real-name policy.
  • Private spaces allow for personal conversations, while fans embrace public channels for sharing fan works and campaigning, for example, for voting or fundraising.

Fan migrations

  • Tumblr became the place for “"fuckyeah” fansites, sharing fan works and communicating via GIFs.
  • While the launch of Meta’s Threads provided a possible replacement for stan participation, some fans were hesitant to migrate across.
  • On Twitter/X, fans expressed they were weary of the new platform, because they did not want their fan activities to be connected to their “real life”.

Transformations


Fans are known for their creative productivity, transforming and remixing their favourite cultural objects in fan-art, fan-fiction, videos, zines and music remixes. Technological advancements made creative production easier to master, and the public and networked nature of platforms has allowed fan works to be circulated to a much wider audience. Audio from fan-edits often become trending TikTok sounds.

How fans shape brands

  • Some brands have started to act like fans online, learning from fans’ behaviours to form an affiliation with these engaged audiences.
  • On TikTok, brands are participating in fan-based trends, tapping into community-specific knowledge and jokes.
  • Brands are also adopting fan language and tone in their captions and comments.
  • In my ongoing PhD research, I’ve found fans are working as social media managers for brands, leveraging their expertise to connect with fan audiences.


Kate Pattison does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

Actress Malinda Williams, Arise And Shine Foundation Founder, Launches Coding Bootcamp for Women at HBCUs

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 15, 2024

Actress, author, and entrepreneur Malinda Williams, in a significant move toward fostering diversity and equal opportunity in the tech industry, has launched a groundbreaking coding bootcamp, the E.S.T.E.A.M.

Key Points: 
  • Actress, author, and entrepreneur Malinda Williams, in a significant move toward fostering diversity and equal opportunity in the tech industry, has launched a groundbreaking coding bootcamp, the E.S.T.E.A.M.
  • View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20240215243723/en/
    Actress, author, and entrepreneur Malinda Williams launches new coding bootcamp, the E.S.T.E.A.M.
  • "The Arise And Shine Foundation exists to empower women to reach their goals and coding is a powerful tool – it is the language of the future.
  • With Apple’s support, the Arise And Shine Foundation will create a space for women to learn from each other and collaborate on projects that pour back into their communities.

Vladimir Putin’s history war where truth is the first casualty

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 15, 2024

The world got another taste of Putin’s view of history on February 6, when the Russian leader was interviewed by former Fox News host Tucker Carlson.

Key Points: 
  • The world got another taste of Putin’s view of history on February 6, when the Russian leader was interviewed by former Fox News host Tucker Carlson.
  • Putin began this two-hour interview with a lengthy monologue about the medieval history of Russia and Ukraine.
  • As far as Putin’s narrative about Rurik goes, modern scholars interpret the people behind Novgorod’s “invitation” as a literary invention.
  • Those principalities were ruled over by different branches of the Rurik dynasty, who often fought with one another.
  • The language of Kyivan Rus was Old East Slavic (OES), the language from which modern-day Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian derive.
  • For example, in OES “the Rus land” is “ruskaya zemlya”, while in Russian the strikingly similar “russkaya zemlya” means “the Russian land”.

Blame it on Poland


Putin then skipped forward a few centuries, suggesting to Carlson that the idea of Ukraine was really invented by the Poles. From the late 16th century, part of what had been Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Although this area would later become Ukraine, Putin implies that it was actually Russian, and that the Poles invented the idea that it was Ukrainian as a way of undermining Russia.

  • This culture was unique in its innovation of conservative religious tradition and development of new cultural forms.
  • His book also presented western-inspired images that stood in stark contrast to Russia’s Byzantine-style icons, introducing new and provocative ways of envisioning Christ.
  • Putin painted a picture of this area as fundamentally Russian and its people as passive, shaped by their imperial overlord Poland.
  • Ever since Russia began forming around Moscow from the 14th century, it saw itself as a continuation of Kyivan Rus.


Nick Mayhew does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

iwot and D1srupt1ve Join Forces as True SourceTM to Unleash AI Magic on “The Wheel of Time”® - Private Beta Now Available

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 15, 2024

D1srupt1ve's dedication to the ethical application of AI technology complements iwot production’s goal of elevating The Wheel of Time from passive and static media into an immersive, interactive, and personalized experience.

Key Points: 
  • D1srupt1ve's dedication to the ethical application of AI technology complements iwot production’s goal of elevating The Wheel of Time from passive and static media into an immersive, interactive, and personalized experience.
  • Today, The Guide is fluent in 40 languages and able to understand more than 100.
  • This language capability will be expanded to dozens of other languages, including The Old Tongue from The Wheel of Time.
  • The AI service is also capable of composing stories and poetry inspired by the rich lore of The Wheel of Time.