Southern African Development Community

Eisai Commences Fully-Fledged Business Activities at Pharma Sales Subsidiary in South Africa

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 1, 2024

Commencement of Direct Sales Operations in Africa, and Establishment of Branch Office in Kenya

Key Points: 
  • Commencement of Direct Sales Operations in Africa, and Establishment of Branch Office in Kenya
    TOKYO, Feb 1, 2024 - (JCN Newswire) - Eisai Co., Ltd. announced today that fully-fledged operations have begun at Eisai Pharmaceuticals Africa (Pty) Ltd ("Eisai South Africa"), a pharmaceutical sales subsidiary recently established in Johannesburg, South Africa, and direct sales operations and business activities have commenced in Africa.
  • Eisai South Africa is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eisai.
  • Eisai South Africa has started sales and marketing activities directly for Lenvima and Fycompa from January 2024, as well as Halaven from February 2024.
  • Seeking solutions to these challenges in Africa, Eisai will continue its initiatives to deliver necessary medicines to the patients who need them through Eisai South Africa and Eisai Kenya.

Zimbabwe’s ‘Patriotic Act’ erodes freedoms and may be a tool for repression

Retrieved on: 
Sunday, July 30, 2023

President Emmerson Mnangagwa signed the new act, officially called the Criminal Law Codification and Reform Amendment Act, 2023, into law on 14 July.

Key Points: 
  • President Emmerson Mnangagwa signed the new act, officially called the Criminal Law Codification and Reform Amendment Act, 2023, into law on 14 July.
  • His government said the law was indispensable to holding accountable those who jeopardised national interests.
  • There is no crueller tyranny than that which is perpetrated under the shield of law and in the name of justice.

‘National interest’

    • Some people see the act as a response to the sanctions the United States imposed on the Zimbabwean government in 2001 for human rights abuses.
    • The state-owned The Herald newspaper said the law was a response to Zimbabweans who advocated for the enforcement of sanctions on Zimbabwe.
    • The government has exploited the sanctions as a pretext to suppress dissent and shift the blame for the country’s problems.
    • Using this law, individuals who express concerns about human rights abuses and corruption could be targeted for unpatriotic behaviour.

What can be done?

    • This fundamental right is meant to foster an environment conducive to peaceful demonstrations and the presentation of petitions.
    • Zimbabwe is also bound by international and regional instruments that protect freedom of expression.
    • They include the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights.
    • The Southern African Development Community principles and guidelines governing democratic elections also emphasise the importance of freedom of expression.

Elections can lead to conflict if they are not free and fair - what role observers play to make sure they are

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, June 29, 2023

At least two dozen presidential, national, regional and local elections are held across the African continent each year.

Key Points: 
  • At least two dozen presidential, national, regional and local elections are held across the African continent each year.
  • The sometimes fierce electoral competition, a history of violence or vote rigging make it especially important to know that elections are free, fair and credible.

What do election observers do?

    • Aligned observers usually support their governments, organisations or funding agencies’ policies.
    • Observers cannot criticise a country’s election practices, electoral body or machinery – except discreetly.
    • “Monitors” normally play an interventionist, robust role such as questioning election outcomes publicly.
    • Unlike traditional observers, they may also lobby or agitate to amend or overturn election results.

What do they do? Why do we need them?

    • They also assess a country’s ability to hold free, fair and internationally accepted elections.
    • They provide an extra layer of accountability to the voters and international community on the conduct and outcome of the election.

How much influence do they have?

    • Their presence and reports assure regional and international bodies like the AU, UN, Commonwealth and governments of the legitimacy of electoral processes and outcomes.
    • Their reports may be referred to where disputes or post-election violence arise.
    • Losers, on the other hand, might use them to support their allegations of election malpractices or rigging.

What standards are they held to; are there codes to observe?


    Observers rely on international and regional standards and national legislation to do their work. For example, the Southern African Development Community has a set of election principles. Yet some countries flout or overlook the standards. This allows unscrupulous incumbents to win unfairly. Endorsing such illegitimate election outcomes can compromise the integrity of observers and the elections.

What makes them successful?

    • Also key is their power of persuasion when dealing with contesting political parties, and election management bodies.
    • Their mere presence in a country during an election can assure voters that someone impartial is watching the process.

Which are the common obstacles?

    • In volatile countries, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Mozambique, Mali and Nigeria, observers also face rebel attacks, abductions and killings.
    • The cost of organising and deploying observers, including providing for their daily needs and welfare, continually poses challenges for observer missions.

Which are the worst countries in Africa for election observation?

    • But, in Africa, observers regularly risk dangers arising from political instability, insecurity, violence and other crises in countries like Somalia, Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, South Sudan and Mali.
    • Election related violence in countries like Kenya, Uganda, the DRC, and Côte d’Ivoire undermines election observation.

Highlights - INTA delegation to South Africa - Committee on International Trade

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, April 20, 2023

INTA delegation to South Africa

Key Points: 
  • INTA delegation to South Africa
    20-04-2023 - 11:25
    A delegation of seven Members of the Committee on International Trade (INTA) and the Chair of the Delegation for relations with South Africa travelled to Pretoria, Johannesburg and Cape Town between 3 and 7 April 2023.
  • The aim of the delegation, led by INTA Chair Bernd Lange, was to engage with representatives of the South African Government, Members of Parliament as well as with other relevant stakeholders and discuss the implementation of the EU-Southern African Development Community (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement while exploring the room for its improvement as well as to examine further regional integration.

G FUEL Becomes Official Energy Drink Sponsor of Farmingdale State Esports

Retrieved on: 
Tuesday, September 20, 2022

NEW YORK, Sept. 20, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- G FUEL, The Official Energy Drink of Esports®, is pleased to announce its sponsorship of the Farmingdale State College Esports Program, providing the dynamic Long Island-based Esports team with co-branded team apparel, G FUEL Energy and Hydration products, hosting on-campus events and offering career advancement and educational opportunities.

Key Points: 
  • NEW YORK, Sept. 20, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- G FUEL, The Official Energy Drink of Esports, is pleased to announce its sponsorship of the Farmingdale State College Esports Program, providing the dynamic Long Island-based Esports team with co-branded team apparel, G FUEL Energy and Hydration products, hosting on-campus events and offering career advancement and educational opportunities.
  • "G FUEL is one of the largest Esports brands in the business, their partnershipwill propel ourEsports Program to reach its fullest potential."
  • "Farmingdale State College is practically in G FUEL's back yard, so it's fantastic to see what their Esports program has become and how it continues to grow," said G FUEL Founder and CEO Cliff Morgan.
  • As The Official Energy Drink of Esports, G FUEL provides gamers with a performance-driven alternative to standard energy drink products.

Flutterwave Appoints Former Goldman Sachs Managing Director, Gurbhej Dhillon as New CTO

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, June 30, 2022

Gurbhej joins from Goldman Sachs where he was Managing Director, Technology Fellow, CTO and Head of Lending Engineering for Marcus, Goldman Sachs' lending platform.

Key Points: 
  • Gurbhej joins from Goldman Sachs where he was Managing Director, Technology Fellow, CTO and Head of Lending Engineering for Marcus, Goldman Sachs' lending platform.
  • Gurbhej joins Flutterwave, a $3bn payments technology company, to improve its architecture, grow its infrastructure and better support the company's growth and expansion objectives.
  • SAN FRANCISCO, June 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ --Flutterwave, Africa's leading payments technology company, today announced the appointment of former Goldman Sachs' Managing Director, Gurbhej Dhillon as Chief Technology Officer (CTO).
  • Gurbhej joins Flutterwave from Marcus by Goldman Sachs , where he was the CTO and Head of Lending Engineering.

Flutterwave Appoints Former Goldman Sachs Managing Director, Gurbhej Dhillon as New CTO

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, June 30, 2022

Gurbhej joins from Goldman Sachs where he was Managing Director, Technology Fellow, CTO and Head of Lending Engineering for Marcus, Goldman Sachs' lending platform.

Key Points: 
  • Gurbhej joins from Goldman Sachs where he was Managing Director, Technology Fellow, CTO and Head of Lending Engineering for Marcus, Goldman Sachs' lending platform.
  • Gurbhej joins Flutterwave, a $3bn payments technology company, to improve its architecture, grow its infrastructure and better support the company's growth and expansion objectives.
  • SAN FRANCISCO, June 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ --Flutterwave, Africa's leading payments technology company, today announced the appointment of former Goldman Sachs' Managing Director, Gurbhej Dhillon as Chief Technology Officer (CTO).
  • Gurbhej joins Flutterwave from Marcus by Goldman Sachs , where he was the CTO and Head of Lending Engineering.

European Union Committee publishes its eighteenth treaty report

Retrieved on: 
Wednesday, January 22, 2020

This report considered four international agreements which have been reported for information:

Key Points: 
  • This report considered four international agreements which have been reported for information:
    Agreement establishing an Economic Partnership Agreement between the Southern African Customs Union Member States and Mozambique, of the one part, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the other part
    A short 'explainer' on the Lords EU Committee scrutiny of treaties is available on our website:

European Union Committee publishes its eighteenth treaty report

Retrieved on: 
Wednesday, January 22, 2020

This report considered four international agreements which have been reported for information:

Key Points: 
  • This report considered four international agreements which have been reported for information:
    Agreement establishing an Economic Partnership Agreement between the Southern African Customs Union Member States and Mozambique, of the one part, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the other part
    A short 'explainer' on the Lords EU Committee scrutiny of treaties is available on our website: