Adoption

Explaining the Crosswalk Between Singapore’s AI Verify Testing Framework and The U.S. NIST AI Risk Management Framework

Retrieved on: 
Wednesday, January 24, 2024

On October 13, 2023, Singapore’s Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) and the U.S.’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) published a “Crosswalk” of IMDA’s AI Verify testing framework and NIST’s AI Risk Management Framework (AI RMF). Developed under the aegis of the Singapore–U.S. Partnership for Growth and Innovation, the Crosswalk is a mapping document [?]

Key Points: 


On October 13, 2023, Singapore’s Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) and the U.S.’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) published a “Crosswalk” of IMDA’s AI Verify testing framework and NIST’s AI Risk Management Framework (AI RMF). Developed under the aegis of the Singapore–U.S. Partnership for Growth and Innovation, the Crosswalk is a mapping document [?]

Press release - Better product labelling and banning greenwashing: press briefing with lead MEP

Retrieved on: 
Wednesday, January 17, 2024

Better product labelling and banning greenwashing: press briefing with lead MEP

Key Points: 
  • Better product labelling and banning greenwashing: press briefing with lead MEP
    On Wednesday at 14.30, Biljana Borzan will explain the outcome of the final plenary vote on the empowering consumers directive banning misleading claims and greenwashing.
  • Where: European Parliament in Strasbourg, Daphne Caruana Galizia press conference room (WEISS N -1/201).
  • Background
    The new rules aim to improve product labelling, fight greenwashing and help consumers make informed choices while shopping.
  • The new directive is meant to work together with the green claims directive, currently being discussed at committee stage in Parliament.

Beyond youth and LGBTQ credentials, France’s new prime minister Gabriel Attal reveals Macron’s managerial approach to politics

Retrieved on: 
Wednesday, January 17, 2024

But the absence of an absolute parliamentary majority has disrupted the smooth running of his system.

Key Points: 
  • But the absence of an absolute parliamentary majority has disrupted the smooth running of his system.
  • And the choice of Gabriel Attal does not guarantee an exit from this political impasse.

Majority rule, a pillar of the presidential system

  • And if the parliamentary majority is uncooperative, special constitutional powers (Article 49.3, allowing for the adoption of a law without a vote) can bypass anyone resisting the power of the presidential majority.
  • It was said that the institutions of the Fifth Republic would be weakened the day that the presidential and the parliamentary majority clashed.

The weakening of the prime ministerial function

  • Nevertheless, in 2000 the political class reduced the presidential mandate to five years and inversed the electoral calendar.
  • This would leave the president with an absolute majority to govern and apply their programme.

Emmanuel Macron’s style of political management

  • Since then, Emmanuel Macron has managed the country like a CEO.
  • He surrounds himself with a close-knit guard, acting as a board of directors, in a way that appears shadowy to French voters.
  • That is to say, as long as the presidential team control the voting rights of more than 50% of stakeholders.
  • Rather than displaying Emmanuel Macron’s ability to get a result without a stable parliamentary majority, the law’s forced parturition has in fact exposed his weakness.

The undeserved disgrace of Elisabeth Borne

  • The president also found himself spreading fake news by implying that journalists from France 2 had edited his remarks.
  • This failure of political communication, which was very worrying for feminists, could be seen as a way of putting down the Minister of Culture as he himself had criticised Depardieu’s remarks and had repudiated the law on immigration.

Same challenges, new prime minister

  • The search for new voices is limited: which dead end will they choose?
  • Whomever he chooses, Emmanuel Macron will remain the only decision maker, a hyper president who decides everything and who is accountable only to voters.

The ‘Attali’ report: a Macronian bible

  • Ordered by Nicolas Sarkozy – who was then president – the rapporteur was a young ambitious graduate of France’s prestigious grande ecole_, a certain… Emmanuel Macron.
  • “Foster the flourishing of key new sectors”
    “Foster the flourishing of key new sectors” (that is to say the infamous start-up nation).
  • Allow everyone to work better and harder and to change job more easily.”

    “The State and other public bodies need extensive reform.

  • Allow everyone to work better and harder and to change job more easily.” “The State and other public bodies need extensive reform.

Attal, Macronien style at Matignon

  • A final extract from this 16-year-old report serves as a herald of Macronism:
    “Before throwing oneself into action, one must not hesitate.
  • And that’s where the appointment of Gabriel Attal makes sense, compared with Elisabeth Borne and her style of restraint; she is details oriented, and eschews political posturing for the attitude of a slightly rough technocrat.
  • Loyal from the outset, he owes his entre political career to Emmanuel Macron and embodies the youth like his mentor did before him.
  • Gabriel Attal is the Director General but he is also the Director of Communications of the business and of brand “Macron”.


Arnaud Mercier ne travaille pas, ne conseille pas, ne possède pas de parts, ne reçoit pas de fonds d'une organisation qui pourrait tirer profit de cet article, et n'a déclaré aucune autre affiliation que son organisme de recherche.

Press release - An EU Disability Card to support persons with disabilities’ right to free movement

Retrieved on: 
Sunday, January 14, 2024

Persons with disabilities regularly encounter barriers when travelling or visiting another member state as their disability status is not always recognised across the EU.

Key Points: 
  • Persons with disabilities regularly encounter barriers when travelling or visiting another member state as their disability status is not always recognised across the EU.
  • To ensure third country nationals who reside in the EU are covered, the Commission put forward a complementary proposal.
  • Free of charge, format, and deadlines
    MEPs propose that the disability card should be issued or renewed within 60 days of someone applying for it and the parking card within 30 days.
  • They also introduce the option of requesting a digital version of the parking card, to be ready in 15 days.

REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2017/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 on mercury as regards dental amalgam and other mercury-added products[...]

Retrieved on: 
Sunday, January 14, 2024

REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2017/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 on mercury as regards dental amalgam and other mercury-added products subject to manufacturing, import and export restrictionsCommittee on the Environment, Public Health and Food SafetyMarlene Mortler Source : © European Union, 2024 - EP

Key Points: 


REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2017/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 on mercury as regards dental amalgam and other mercury-added products subject to manufacturing, import and export restrictionsCommittee on the Environment, Public Health and Food SafetyMarlene Mortler Source : © European Union, 2024 - EP

Why traditional cooking isn’t always healthier: the case of Ghanaians in Manchester and in Accra

Retrieved on: 
Sunday, January 7, 2024

This has been called a “deficit approach” and my research with Ghanaian women set out to challenge some of its assumptions.

Key Points: 
  • This has been called a “deficit approach” and my research with Ghanaian women set out to challenge some of its assumptions.
  • Previous studies on Ghanaian immigrants showed that following their arrival in the United Kingdom, most maintained their dietary traditions.

Seeing versus telling

  • We asked Ghanaian women living in Manchester, England, and in Accra, Ghana, to take photographs of their own cooking experience.
  • We then used the photographs as a prompt to allow participants to tell the “stories” of their everyday cooking.
  • They also saw themselves as cooking with love and care and adhering to culturally acceptable ways of feeding their families.
  • “I have introduced my kids to the local dishes, and they love them, and one of my boy’s favourites is yam.
  • Studies have shown that many in Britain have abandoned traditional ways of cooking and turned to new ways of cooking and eating.
  • Our findings showed that they love to cook, and saw maintaining traditional foods as being a central part of their cultural heritage.

When tradition doesn’t rhyme with safety

  • In Ghana, disease risks included foodborne illnesses, and both there and in the UK, the risk of obesity, high cholesterol and heart disease were highlighted.
  • “The ingredients make the food healthy.” (Accra resident)
    “The ingredients make the food healthy.” (Accra resident)
  • We found that despite the women recognising that obesity was an important health issue, it was not seen as a priority for targeting change.
  • Our research suggests sociocultural rules and structural determinants often specify which foods are considered preferable, cooking choices as well as the differences in habitual intake for different people.



“It takes a lot of time to cook over a fire and it produces a lot of smoke, which ends up making the food reek.” (Accra resident)
“It takes a lot of time to cook over a fire and it produces a lot of smoke, which ends up making the food reek.” (Accra resident)

Conclusion

  • Perceptions of “good” cooking were linked to nutrition and health but also had social, cultural, and emotional associations.
  • There is therefore the need to continue to challenge the idea that women lack knowledge or the will to cook healthy foods.


Created in 2007 to help accelerate and share scientific knowledge on key societal issues, the Axa Research Fund has supported nearly 700 projects around the world conducted by researchers in 38 countries. To learn more, visit the site of the Axa Research Fund or follow on Twitter @AXAResearchFund.
Les auteurs ne travaillent pas, ne conseillent pas, ne possèdent pas de parts, ne reçoivent pas de fonds d'une organisation qui pourrait tirer profit de cet article, et n'ont déclaré aucune autre affiliation que leur organisme de recherche.

Bitcoin: four reasons why the price should surge in 2024

Retrieved on: 
Friday, January 5, 2024

Notably there was the conviction of FTX CEO Sam Bankman-Fried for fraud.

Key Points: 
  • Notably there was the conviction of FTX CEO Sam Bankman-Fried for fraud.
  • Viewed as a test case for the majority of cryptocurrencies, the US Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) is currently appealing.
  • While all this was happening, the bitcoin price rose away from the lows of late 2022.

1. ETFs

  • ETFs already exist for everything from oil to the FTSE 100 to even regions and countries.
  • Until now, the only ETFs permitted for crypto in the US have been for the futures markets.
  • There are various reasons why many commentators think the SEC may now end its opposition to such an ETF.
  • Further, Hong Kong’s regulatory authority has announced it is open to spot bitcoin ETF applications and has laid down guidelines permitting several varieties.
  • As well as the basic model that we may soon see in the US, where investors would buy into bitcoin ETFs with dollars, Hong Kong is open to a second variety known as “in-kind”.

2. Interest rates

  • Jerome Powell, chair of US central bank the Federal Reserve, has indicated that interest rates may have peaked, and that the Fed is likely to cut them during 2024.
  • If interest rates are cut or even stabilise in 2024, it could make bitcoin (and other digital assets) more attractive to investors, since its limited supply makes it a hedge against traditional currencies losing value over time.


In addition, the US and other economies may enter a recession in the later half of 2024 due to the lagged effects of the interest rate hikes. Equally, we saw a number of bank failures in 2023, predominantly in the US. In the event of a recession or more bank problems, governments may be forced to provide stimulus packages and print more money. This would further devalue currencies and make bitcoin still more attractive.

3. The halving

  • Bitcoin runs on an online ledger known as a blockchain, in which entries are validated by “miners” using arrays of computers to solve complex mathematical puzzles.
  • The reward began at 50 bitcoin in 2009 and is expected to fall from 6.25 bitcoin to 3.125 bitcoin around the middle of April 2024.
  • Halving effects

4. Blockchain developments

  • Until now, NFTs and new cryptocurrencies have mostly been issued on other blockchains such as ethereum.
  • We are also seeing growing adoption of the Lightning network, a layer above the bitcoin blockchain that enables much faster transactions.
  • All these changes are resulting in increased demand for bitcoin, which in turn may lead to higher prices.


Andrew Urquhart owns some cryptocurrencies. Hossein Jahanshahloo does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

Herbal medicinal product: Sideritis herbaArray,Array,Array,Array, F: Assessment finalised

Retrieved on: 
Friday, January 5, 2024

Overview

Key Points: 
  • Overview
    This is a summary of the scientific conclusions reached by the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) on the medicinal uses of ironwort.
  • The HMPC conclusions are taken into account by EU Member States when evaluating applications for the licensing of herbal medicines containing ironwort.
  • Ironwort is the common name for the aerial parts of various species of Sideritis plants (which include Sideritis scardica Griseb.
  • Ironwort preparations may also be found in combination with other herbal substances in some herbal medicines.

Peter Magubane: courageous photographer who chronicled South Africa's struggle for freedom

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, January 4, 2024

The photographer suffered great losses during apartheid.

Key Points: 
  • The photographer suffered great losses during apartheid.
  • He miraculously survived being shot 17 times below the waist at the funeral of a student activist in Natalspruit in 1985.
  • Despite the pain and suffering he witnessed and experienced, Magubane’s photographs testify to the hope that is at the heart of the struggle for a just world.

Witness to momentous events

  • He not only witnessed, but also took part in, many of the most significant events in modern South African history.
  • Referred to as the “dompas”, the document was used to control and restrict the movement of black South Africans.
  • His images focusing on life in the township were later to form the subject of several of his books.
  • He soon began to work as a photographer under the tutelage of Drum’s chief photographer and picture editor, Jürgen Schadeberg.
  • the events of that day produced the picture of the funeral as one of the central iconographic emblems of the anti-apartheid struggle.
  • Her slender hands are beautiful, and their perfect smoothness accentuates the brutal rupture where her skin has been broken.

The archive

  • In 2018 his work was exhibited in a major retrospective, On Common Ground, alongside that of another renowned South African photographer, David Goldblatt.
  • He served as Nelson Mandela’s photographer from 1990 to 1994.
  • Magubane’s indomitable spirit and compassionate vision live on through his work.


Kylie Thomas ne travaille pas, ne conseille pas, ne possède pas de parts, ne reçoit pas de fonds d'une organisation qui pourrait tirer profit de cet article, et n'a déclaré aucune autre affiliation que son organisme de recherche.

Electric vehicles and the challenge of fire risks in car parks

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, January 4, 2024

As car parks fill up with more and more electric vehicles, these structures become, essentially, large-scale battery storage systems, greatly heightening the risk of fire.

Key Points: 
  • As car parks fill up with more and more electric vehicles, these structures become, essentially, large-scale battery storage systems, greatly heightening the risk of fire.
  • Despite these discrepancies, the most pressing concern is the conspicuous lack of specific fire safety regulations for alternative vehicles, including electric vehicles, in some European countries.
  • As of 2020, building codes in several countries – Spain, the Netherlands, and Norway – all lacked specific fire safety design regulations for electric vehicles in car parks.
  • This absence of specific regulations raises significant questions for the design of both new and existing enclosed car parks.