Horse

Meeting highlights from the Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products (CVMP) 13-14 February 2024

Retrieved on: 
Saturday, February 17, 2024

The Committee adopted by consensus a positive opinion for a variation requiring assessment for Strangvac to implement the outcome of the MAH’s signal management process to add adverse reactions in the product information.

Key Points: 
  • The Committee adopted by consensus a positive opinion for a variation requiring assessment for Strangvac to implement the outcome of the MAH’s signal management process to add adverse reactions in the product information.
  • The respective target species were cattle, pigs and sheep (one product), chickens, and squirrel monkeys (one product each).
  • Concept papers, guidelines
    Quality
    The Committee adopted an annex to the Guideline on quality aspects of pharmaceutical veterinary medicines for administration via drinking water on compatibility studies between veterinary medicinal products and biocidal products (EMA/CVMP/QWP/592906/2022) following close of public consultation.
  • The comments received during the consultation procedure were taken into account for the revision of the annex.

Big Screen Entertainment Group Embarks On a Journey Towards Uplifting Content

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 15, 2024

LOS ANGELES, Feb. 15, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Big Screen Entertainment Group (OTC:BSEG), a prominent production and distribution company, is proud to announce its commitment to becoming a catalyst for positive change in the entertainment industry.

Key Points: 
  • LOS ANGELES, Feb. 15, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Big Screen Entertainment Group (OTC:BSEG), a prominent production and distribution company, is proud to announce its commitment to becoming a catalyst for positive change in the entertainment industry.
  • Under the leadership of CEO Kimberley Kates, BSEG is embracing a new era of storytelling that resonates deeply with audiences.
  • "At Big Screen, we are passionate about addressing themes and emotions that truly resonate with today's viewers," said Kates.
  • With this bold step towards uplifting content, BSEG reaffirms its commitment to making a meaningful impact in the entertainment landscape while inspiring audiences to embrace optimism and resilience.

The macroeconomic effects of global supply chain reorientation

Retrieved on: 
Saturday, February 10, 2024
Bank, Control, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Literature, Deutsche Bundesbank, Reconstruction, COVID-19, Monetary policy, Medical classification, Aggregate, Interest, Hail, Motion, Organization, WT, Policy, Smith, Elasticity, American Economic Review, Information, CHiPs, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Reproduction, Tagliapietra, Culture, Journal of International Economics, Section 3, European Commission, Communication, B16, Shock, NTM, European Chips Act, SSC, PHT, B17, Classification, Common, Tradability, Bank of Italy, Congressional Research Service, NT, Central bank, Private, Exercise, NIU, Labour, PDF, Website, European Parliament, Terrorism, Employment, B10, SUBST, Agricultural economics, F62, RTK, Bank of England, European Central Bank, Calibration, Agriculture, Foreign policy, Semiconductor, International Monetary Fund, Research Papers in Economics, Outline, Council, Openness, Bias, Economic system, European Council, Public policy, Deutsch, Statistics, GDP, Real, American Economic Journal, Table, Journal, YT, EAGLE, Household, Grossman, Science, Conference, Journal of Comparative Economics, Horse, SSRN, TC, Consumption, REA, F13, Section 2, University, Section 5, Legislation, Money, NTD, Central Bank of Ireland, Language, Capital, University of Limerick, Intermediate, CBI, Caselli, Macroeconomics, Crowding, Technical report, B14, Tax, Civil service commission, Growth, Commission, UNCTAD, Optimism, Politics, PIM, PX, Work, Social science, JEL, Government, Automation, HTT, Quarterly Journal, Canadian International Council, ECB, XT, METRO, ELAS, Credit, Bolt, Research, European Communities, American Journal, ArXiv, Unilateralism, Lerner, Motivation, International, C6, Committee, Security (finance)

We analyse the macroeconomic

Key Points: 
    • We analyse the macroeconomic
      effects of supply chain reorientation through localisation policies, using a global dynamic
      general equilibrium model.
    • While arguments about comparative advantage, the potential forgone benefits of international specialisation and industry- and product-specific disruptions are familiar, there is less
      analysis on the macroeconomic effects of supply chain changes resulting from localisation policies.
    • The large sensitivity of the global economy to the recent supply chain shocks suggests that
      the international trade reconfiguration implied by localisation policies could also have sizable
      impacts on key macroeconomic variables such as output, employment and inflation.
    • Thus, localisation focuses on the
      goods in our model most closely related to global supply chains.
    • Retaliation also attenuates any positive effects from
      reshoring on output and implies a reduction in the volume of overall international trade.
    • This finding calls for limiting the scope of reshoring, such as by focusing on vital goods that are
      most susceptible to supply chain disruptions.
    • Either that, or the economic costs are considered a worthwhile trade-off for an increase
      in security of supply, for example.
    • While arguments about comparative advantage, the potential forgone benefits of international specialisation and industry- and product-specific disruptions are familiar, there is less
      analysis on the macroeconomic effects of supply chain changes resulting from localisation policies.
    • Recent supply chain shocks have had large effects, with disruptions in 2021 estimated
      to have reduced euro area GDP by around two percent and doubled the rate of manufacturing producer inflation (Celasun et al., 2022).
    • To analyse this issue, we simulate a (partial) reshoring of production back to Europe in
      a global dynamic general equilibrium framework.
    • Thus,
      localisation focuses on the goods in our model most closely related to global supply chains.3 We
      model reshoring through a direct change to the export goods? production-function parameters.
    • Since reshoring
      effectively shortens the supply chain, the sum of markups along the chain falls.
    • This means that imports that are at the end of the supply chain (i.e.
    • In particular, our work relates to papers examining the potential for countries to reduce
      their exposure to global supply chains.
    • (2021) demonstrate that reduced reliance on foreign inputs does not mitigate pandemicinduced contractions in labour supply.
    • (2021) find no evidence of a relationship
      between global value chain integration and macroeconomic volatility.
    • This dynamic, along with factors such as natural disasters, climate-change
      induced volatility and terrorism mean that supply chain disruptions could be a new normal
      (Grossman et al., 2021).
    • Our work contributes to the literature providing dynamic general equilibrium analyses of
      protectionist policies, in particular those using global macroeconomic models to quantify trade
      policy changes.
    • (2008) analyse the effect of a rise in protectionism in response
      to rising global trade imbalances.
    • Linde? and Pescatori (2019) find that although the macroeconomic costs of a
      trade war are substantial, a fully symmetric retaliation is the best response.
    • (2020) consider a rich input-output structure and demonstrate that closer integration amplifies
      the adverse effects of protectionist trade policies.
    • Several recent studies have also examined the economic effects of a global trade fragmentation.
    • First, we modify a dynamic general
      equilibrium model of the global economy in order to analyse the transmission of localisation
      policies.
    • This allows for a comprehensive treatment of cross-border macroeconomic interdependences and spillovers between the different regions.
    • 4

      There is, however, substantial cross-country heterogeneity in terms of impact, with small open economies
      (SOEs) reliant on global supply chains more affected.

    • ECB Working Paper Series No 2903

      7

      Second, we are able to assess both long-run effects and the transition dynamics of localisation
      policies.

    • Our model contains a detailed monetary block and captures inflation dynamics, which is a key
      concern for supply chain reorientation.
    • Overall, our paper contains a careful analysis of the key aspects of the localisation debate,
      including effects of localisation on domestic competition and efficiency.
    • Section 2 provides a brief overview of the model, the modifications to examine
      global supply chain reorientation, some key details on the calibration and a brief discussion of
      the nature of our exercise.
    • (2020) for discussions of the relative strengths and weaknesses of
      trade and macroeconomic models in assessing large economic shocks.
    • 2.1

      Supply chain reorientation

      Our analysis focuses on imported inputs used to produce goods for export, as the introduction
      of localisation policies is in response to recent disruptions to global supply chains.

    • Since reshoring
      effectively shortens the supply chain, the sum of markups along the chain falls.
    • Further to
      these effects, engagement with global firms provides an opportunity for knowledge spillovers to
      local firms (Criscuolo et al., 2017).
    • This finding calls for limiting the scope of reshoring, such as by focusing on vital goods that are
      most susceptible to supply chain disruptions.
    • (B12)

      Adjusting the share of local inputs in export goods, of course, affects prices and quantities all
      along the supply chain.

Two Time Breeder Cup Champ Goodnight Olive to Retire with Plans to Breed to Not This Time

Retrieved on: 
Tuesday, February 6, 2024

MIDWAY, Ky., Feb. 6, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Resolute Farm today announced that Goodnight Olive, a remarkable sprint racing champion, will be retiring.

Key Points: 
  • MIDWAY, Ky., Feb. 6, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Resolute Farm today announced that Goodnight Olive, a remarkable sprint racing champion, will be retiring.
  • During her time on the track, Olive showcased her exceptional talent by earning over $2 million in just 12 races.
  • He said, "We purchased Olive at Fasig Tipton as a broodmare prospect and had hoped to continue her racing career.
  • However, recognizing the high-performance demands on these exceptional athletes, the decision to retire Olive was made to ensure her well-being.

Venture capitalists are backing a ‘steroid Olympics’ to find out what happens when athletes are doped to the gills

Retrieved on: 
Tuesday, February 6, 2024

It drives ferocious competition, captures unconditional tribal loyalty, and rewards the victors with fame and fortune.

Key Points: 
  • It drives ferocious competition, captures unconditional tribal loyalty, and rewards the victors with fame and fortune.
  • As the Olympic motto declares, the limits of human performance are there to be tested – faster, higher, stronger.
  • But what would happen if the boundaries were not just pushed, but abandoned altogether?

The case for enhancement

  • The argument in favour of “enhanced” sport declares the current system dishonest and ineffective, as drug use is supposedly already widespread.
  • It calls for athletes to make their own body-boosting decisions, and for their excellence to be rewarded with a more equitable share of the sport-entertainment loot.

Costs to participants

  • It’s not that we’re averse to “thinking outside the box” to shake up existing systems, which are sometimes inequitable and unfair.
  • And we agree there’s always more that can be done to reduce the harm elite athletes’ bodies endure.
  • However, any enhanced entertainment value would come at a cost to the participants.

What’s sport for?

  • We’d like to think that most committed sport fans would prefer to watch athletes, not injectable avatars.
  • The Enhanced Games suggests the path to victory is via what many sport fans would regard as cheating.
  • Even if we leave aside the significant health risks of a “go for it” open category of sport (which presents deal-breaking legal and medical ethics concerns anyway), it challenges the very essence of what sport should be about.

More inequality and prospects for exploitation

  • Access to money, knowledge, power and technology already gives some athletes an edge over others, and the Enhanced Games would exacerbate these inequalities.
  • The Enhanced Games proposal does not set out how the increased risk to athletes exploited for commercial gain will be managed.

Winning – but at what cost?

  • Sport should be part of a society that cares about respect, fun, friendship, health, learning new skills and vitality.
  • (Johnson, notoriously banned from normal competition for life after failing multiple drug tests, came third.)
  • The University of Canberra has a Memorandum of Understanding with Sport Integrity Australia and is researching several co-funded projects, including on anti-doping.
  • The University of Canberra has a Memorandum of Understanding with Sport Integrity Australia and is researching several co-funded projects, including on anti-doping.

Training an animal? An ethicist explains how and why your dog − but not your frog − can be punished

Retrieved on: 
Monday, February 5, 2024

“Why did you do that?” someone might ask their dog.

Key Points: 
  • “Why did you do that?” someone might ask their dog.
  • Or we might scold the cat – “Don’t touch that!” – as we move a family heirloom across the room.
  • As an ethical theorist, I’ve explored these and related questions, including with some of my colleagues in psychology and anthropology.
  • I would argue it is important to distinguish three types of learning: conditioning, instruction and education.

Conditioning

  • By repeatedly ringing a bell while presenting food, Pavlov famously induced dogs to salivate from the bell ring alone.
  • Such learning proceeds merely from associating two types of stimuli: a sound and a snack, in this case.
  • In operant conditioning, positive or pleasurable stimuli are used to reinforce desired behavior, and negative or painful stimuli are used to deter undesired behavior.
  • The kind of learning that operant conditioning aims to achieve, however, lacks a crucial ingredient of human punishment: responsibility.
  • They are trying to drive home that someone has transgressed – that the individual’s behavior merits punishment.

Instruction

  • It involves a more sophisticated kind of learning: instruction.
  • One important way instruction differs from conditioning is that an instructor addresses their trainee.
  • Instruction involves understanding, whereas learning based on mere conditioning does not.
  • Scientists do not know exactly which animals’ cognition involves understanding, genuine problem-solving and the ability to reason or infer.
  • An owner should have concern for their pet frog, of course, and care for its needs.
  • But they do not need to recognize the frog the same way they should recognize a dog: by addressing it, listening to it and comforting it.

Education

  • Still, scientists do not possess strong evidence that animals have critical thinking abilities or a concept of self, the key requirements for genuine education.
  • Unlike conditioning and instruction, education aims to enable a learner to explain the world, to evaluate and debate rationales for decisions.
  • Much of the time, human beings do not concern themselves with these questions, either – but they can.
  • In fact, caretakers pay great attention to these matters during child-rearing, as when they ask children, “How would you like it if someone did that to you” or “Do you really think it’s OK to act that way?” Assuming that animals do not reflect and criticize, and therefore are not capable of education, I would say that they have no moral obligations.
  • But that’s not the nature of our relationships with our pets – however tempted we may be to think otherwise.


Jon Garthoff does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

U.S. Polo Assn. Celebrates the United States Winter Polo Season as Official Sponsor of the USPA National Polo Center (NPC)

Retrieved on: 
Thursday, February 1, 2024

West Palm Beach, FL, Feb 1, 2024 - (ACN Newswire) - U.S. Polo Assn., the official brand of the United States Polo Association (USPA), celebrates this season as the official sponsor of the new USPA National Polo Center (NPC), with exclusive naming rights to Field One as the U.S. Polo Assn.

Key Points: 
  • West Palm Beach, FL, Feb 1, 2024 - (ACN Newswire) - U.S. Polo Assn., the official brand of the United States Polo Association (USPA), celebrates this season as the official sponsor of the new USPA National Polo Center (NPC), with exclusive naming rights to Field One as the U.S. Polo Assn.
  • The USPA National Polo Center and U.S. Polo Assn.
  • Stadium Field, branded golf carts for polo player award ceremonies, and the grand opening of the U.S. Polo Assn.
  • The USPA National Polo Center (NPC), the epicenter of winter polo, proudly hosts illustrious global polo events along with some of the most prestigious North American high-goal tournaments.

Global Horse Feed Market Report 2024-2028: Product Innovations Enhancing Feed Quality are Heralded as the Trendsetters in the Industry

Retrieved on: 
Wednesday, January 31, 2024

The comprehensive global horse feed market research report has been recently published, offering key insights into the rapidly evolving equine nutrition industry.

Key Points: 
  • The comprehensive global horse feed market research report has been recently published, offering key insights into the rapidly evolving equine nutrition industry.
  • Asia-Pacific's Dominance: As the largest region in the horse feed market as of 2023, Asia-Pacific is a critical focus of the report.
  • Leader Profiles: Profiles of major companies operating in the global horse feed market are featured, providing insight into industry dynamics and strategic developments.
  • Innovative Nutritional Solutions: Product innovations enhancing feed quality are heralded as the trendsetters in the industry.

$9,000,000 awarded to Victim in Rape Case against Horse Trainer

Retrieved on: 
Tuesday, January 30, 2024

OAKLAND, Calif., Jan. 30, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Alameda County Superior Court Judge Jeffery Brand awarded Plaintiff Jane Doe $9,000,000 in her Civil rape case against Ari Herbertson.

Key Points: 
  • OAKLAND, Calif., Jan. 30, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Alameda County Superior Court Judge Jeffery Brand awarded Plaintiff Jane Doe $9,000,000 in her Civil rape case against Ari Herbertson.
  • On January 12, 2019, while attending live horse racing at Golden Gate Fields in Berkeley, CA, Jane Doe was drugged then raped by Defendant Ari Herbertson, who trained horses at the facility.
  • This is more than the $5 million awarded to E Jean Carol in her civil rape case against former President Donald Trump.
  • Attorney Randall Strauss of the Oakland firm Gwilliam Ivary Chiosso Cavalli & Brewer represented Jane Doe throughout her civil case against Herbertson.

Kemin Research Leads to FDA Approval of Chromium Propionate for Use in Growing Turkey Diets

Retrieved on: 
Tuesday, January 30, 2024

DES MOINES, Iowa, Jan. 30, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- Kemin Industries, a global ingredient manufacturer that strives to sustainably transform the quality of life every day for 80 percent of the world with its products and services, conducted extensive research that served as the basis for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Veterinary Medicine's approval of the use of chromium propionate as a source of chromium in growing turkey diets. With this approval, chromium propionate is now approved for use in swine, broiler chickens, cattle, horses, and growing turkey diets. KemTRACE® Chromium from Kemin is the only FDA-reviewed source of chromium propionate on the market today and has been fed to millions of animals around the globe.

Key Points: 
  • With this approval, chromium propionate is now approved for use in swine, broiler chickens, cattle, horses, and growing turkey diets.
  • KemTRACE® Chromium from Kemin is the only FDA-reviewed source of chromium propionate on the market today and has been fed to millions of animals around the globe.
  • KemTRACE Chromium is a highly bioavailable, organic source of chromium propionate that helps stabilize insulin receptors in animals, improving glucose utilization and reducing the negative impacts of stress.
  • With more than 25 years of research and countless peer-reviewed chromium research studies, Kemin paved the path to establish chromium propionate as safe and efficacious.