Negotiation

Fisheries: UK-EU future relationship negotiations

Friday, May 29, 2020 - 12:03am

The UK is in the process of negotiating its future relationship with the EU, inlcuding fisheries, follwoing Brexit.

Key Points: 
  • The UK is in the process of negotiating its future relationship with the EU, inlcuding fisheries, follwoing Brexit.
  • This will include setting total allowable catches (TACs), distributing quotas and determining who has access to fisheries.
  • Future fishing opportunities would be based on the principle of zonal attachment, similar to the EUs fisheries agreement with Norway.
  • For an overview of the negotiations to date please see Commons Briefing Paper The UK-EU future relationship: the March 2020 EU draft treaty and negotiations update.

The UK-EU future relationship: the March 2020 EU draft treaty and negotiations update

Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 3:00pm

This paper provides an update on the first three rounds of negotiations on the future UK-EU relationship and analysis of the draft new partnership treaty tabled by the EU in March 2020Download the full report Following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, negotiations on the future UK-EU relationship began on 2 March 2020. The UK and EU negotiating positions were outlined in published documents at the end of February. These are analysed in the Commons Library briefing papers 8834, The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: process and issues and 8920 The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: summary of positions).The negotiations The initial terms of reference for the negotiations published at the end of February envisaged five rounds of negotiations up to the middle of May 2020, with further rounds to be mutually agreed. The high-level UK-EU meeting envisaged for June 2020 would be an opportunity to take stock of progress “with the aim of agreeing actions to move forward in negotiations”.Draft texts tabled The European Commission published a draft treaty text on 18 March covering all aspects of the EU’s envisaged future relationship with the UK (see below). The UK also tabled texts covering some of its proposed suite of agreements, including a free trade agreement. These were not made public and the Government asked the European Commission not to share these texts with the Member States.Talks put on hold Lockdowns across Europe in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak meant that the originally planned second and third round of negotiations did not take place. On 15 April, the two lead negotiators, David Frost (UK) and Michel Barnier (EU) met by videoconference and announced a new schedule of negotiations. This would involve three new rounds to take place by videoconference in the weeks commencing 20 April, 11 May and 1 June.Second round of negotiations Following the second round of negotiations, Mr Barnier said that the UK had refused to engage seriously on a number of fundamental issues.

Key Points: 


This paper provides an update on the first three rounds of negotiations on the future UK-EU relationship and analysis of the draft new partnership treaty tabled by the EU in March 2020

Download the full report

    Following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, negotiations on the future UK-EU relationship began on 2 March 2020. The UK and EU negotiating positions were outlined in published documents at the end of February. These are analysed in the Commons Library briefing papers 8834, The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: process and issues and 8920 The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: summary of positions).

The negotiations


    The initial terms of reference for the negotiations published at the end of February envisaged five rounds of negotiations up to the middle of May 2020, with further rounds to be mutually agreed. The high-level UK-EU meeting envisaged for June 2020 would be an opportunity to take stock of progress “with the aim of agreeing actions to move forward in negotiations”.

Draft texts tabled


    The European Commission published a draft treaty text on 18 March covering all aspects of the EU’s envisaged future relationship with the UK (see below). The UK also tabled texts covering some of its proposed suite of agreements, including a free trade agreement. These were not made public and the Government asked the European Commission not to share these texts with the Member States.

Talks put on hold


    Lockdowns across Europe in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak meant that the originally planned second and third round of negotiations did not take place. On 15 April, the two lead negotiators, David Frost (UK) and Michel Barnier (EU) met by videoconference and announced a new schedule of negotiations. This would involve three new rounds to take place by videoconference in the weeks commencing 20 April, 11 May and 1 June.

Second round of negotiations

    • Following the second round of negotiations, Mr Barnier said that the UK had refused to engage seriously on a number of fundamental issues.
    • He referred to a lack of progress on four issues where the positions of the two sides continued to differ: i) level playing field; ii) governance; iii) police and judicial co-operation; and iv) fisheries.
    • A UK Government statement referred to promising convergence in some trade and related issues.

Third round of negotiations

    • Ahead of the third round of negotiations in early May, David Frost said that the UK had now tabled a full set of agreements, including a complete draft free trade agreement and a fisheries framework agreement.
    • In his statement following the third round, Mr Frost said that the main obstacle was the EUs novel and unbalanced proposals on the level playing field.
    • In his statement following the third round, Mr Barnier rejected the UK suggestion that there could be some tariffs, similarly to those found in the EU-Canada agreement, without there being level playing field provisions.
    • He said that the negotiations on different topics were linked with agreement in one area requiring agreement in others.

Publication of UK texts and letter to Michel Barnier

    • The UK Government published the ten draft treaty texts it has tabled in the negotiations on 19 May.
    • The Government also published a letter from David Frost to Michel Barnier sent on the same day.
    • Mr Frost said that the UK treaty texts were based on precedent from existing EU agreements with third countries.

Timeline and transition period

    • The Scottish and Welsh Governments, the Scottish National Party and Liberal Democrats and several other organisations have called for an extension to the post-Brexit transition period in order to give more time to negotiate an agreement.
    • The transition period ends on 31 December 2020, but the Withdrawal Agreement (WA) provides for an extension of the transition period for up to two years if agreed by the end of June 2020.
    • The Government has legislated to prohibit itself from seeking an extension and continues to reiterate that it will not do so.

EU draft treaty text

    • The EU draft treaty text, published on 18 March, operationalises the positions set out in the EUs negotiating directives in several areas and provides more details.
    • Some parts of the text, such as Title VI of Part two on services and investment, closely follow the text of the EU-Japan and other EU free trade agreements (FTAs).
    • Part one (common provisions) of the draft treaty states that all areas of the partnership should be within a unified governance structure.

Economy and Trade

    • Part two of the draft treaty covers economy and trade.
    • In the remaining areas, the parties would agree not to regress below the standards applicable at the end of the transition period (non-regression).
    • In addition, the governing body would be able to modify the commitments to reflect evolving standards in most areas of LPF.
    • Title IV covers rules establishing a free trade area for trade in goods.
    • The text proposes to exempt mutual trade from customs duties (zero tariffs) and product import quotas.
    • With regard to trade in services (Title VI) the EU is proposing terms of market access generally on a par with its recent FTAs.
    • EU priorities include digital trade, temporary business travel for natural persons and steps towards mutual recognition of professional qualifications where this is in the EUs interest.

Security Partnership

    • It also sets out the data protection and human rights requirements that would underpin the agreement and provides for the suspension of it in the event that these are not met.
    • This involves a requirement for UK continued adherence to the European Convention on Human Rights and for it to continue to give effect to the Convention in domestic law.
    • The EU has also proposed a text on foreign policy, security and defence (Part three, Title II) whilst acknowledging that the UK does not wish to engage in negotiations on these matters.

Participation in EU programmes and financial provisions

    • Part four of the draft text covers UK participation in EU programmes and sound financial management.
    • It covers financial conditions for UK participation in EU programmes, which would involve a combined sum of a participation fee and an operational contribution.
    • EU bodies would have the right to carry out reviews and audits of persons and entities in the UK receiving EU funds.

Governance and Final Provisions

    • Part five of the draft treaty sets out the proposed governance structure for the relationship and general dispute settlement.
    • The final provisions in Part six provide that if the Withdrawal Agreement (WA) is breached by either party, retaliation to such a breach can take place by suspending aspects of this new treaty.
    • The final provisions also cover territorial scope: the treaty will not apply to Gibraltar, the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man, or the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus.

The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: summary of positions

Thursday, May 21, 2020 - 12:05am

The tables in the attached paper provide a summary of the UK and EU positions in the future relationship negotiations, based on publicly available documents and statements

Key Points: 
  • The tables in the attached paper provide a summary of the UK and EU positions in the future relationship negotiations, based on publicly available documents and statements

    The EU and UK agreed a Political Declaration (PD) setting out the framework for the future EU-UK relationship, alongside the Withdrawal Agreement (WA), on 17 October 2019.

  • This elaborated on positions previously set out in a House of Commons written statement by the Prime Minister on 3 February.
  • The UK and EU positions going into the negotiations were summarised in the House of Commons Library briefing paper 8834, The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: process and issues.
  • The European Commission published a draft future relationship treaty on 18 March which provides more clarity and detail on its position.

Ministers questioned on third round of EU trade negotiations

Wednesday, May 20, 2020 - 12:04am

In an urgent question earlier today, Rachel Reeves asked Cabinet Office ministers about the UK's third round of negotiations with the EU.

Key Points: 
  • In an urgent question earlier today, Rachel Reeves asked Cabinet Office ministers about the UK's third round of negotiations with the EU.
  • This means the current rules on trade, travel and business between the UK and the EU apply while negotiating a trade deal.
  • The third round of tradetalks between the EU and the UK finished last Friday.
  • Shadow Minister, Rachel Reeves, questioned the Minister for the Cabinet Office, Michael Gove, on these negotiations.

Ministers questioned on third round of EU trade negotiations

Wednesday, May 20, 2020 - 12:03am

In an urgent question earlier today, Rachel Reeves asked Cabinet Office ministers about the UK's third round of negotiations with the EU.

Key Points: 
  • In an urgent question earlier today, Rachel Reeves asked Cabinet Office ministers about the UK's third round of negotiations with the EU.
  • This means the current rules on trade, travel and business between the UK and the EU apply while negotiating a trade deal.
  • The third round of tradetalks between the EU and the UK finished last Friday.
  • Shadow Minister, Rachel Reeves, questioned the Minister for the Cabinet Office, Michael Gove, on these negotiations.

Global Antibody Partnering Terms and Agreements 2014 to 2020 - ResearchAndMarkets.com

Monday, May 11, 2020 - 11:50am

Understanding the flexibility of a prospective partner's negotiated deals terms provides critical insight into the negotiation process in terms of what you can expect to achieve during the negotiation of terms.

Key Points: 
  • Understanding the flexibility of a prospective partner's negotiated deals terms provides critical insight into the negotiation process in terms of what you can expect to achieve during the negotiation of terms.
  • Whilst many smaller companies will be seeking details of the payments clauses, the devil is in the detail in terms of how payments are triggered - contract documents provide this insight where press releases do not.
  • This report contains over 1,300 links to online copies of actual Antibody deals and contract documents as submitted to the Securities Exchange Commission by companies and their partners.
  • Insight into the terms included in a Antibody agreement, together with real world clause examples

Prime Minister's Questions: 29 April 2020

Thursday, April 30, 2020 - 12:03am

Questions from the Leader of the OppositionThe Leader of the Opposition, Keir Startmer asked:about deaths outside of hospitals, including care homes and testing.He asked the First Minister, Dominic Raab, if he thinks the total amount of covid-19 related deaths are "truly dreadful".why he thinks coronavirus spreads so fast in the care sector.for an update on the figures of those who have died on the frontline in healthcare and social work.about PPE for frontline staff. He said "it is ten weeks since the Health Secretary declared that there was a serious and imminent threat to life" and 1 in 4 doctors are still not getting the protection they need.about coronavirus testing, saying there are "obviously still significant problems" as "demand has gone through the rough". He asked if Dominic Raab can clarify whether the Government's target for 250,000 coronavirus tests a day is still a Government target and when the Government will hit the target.about the transparency of the Government's exit strategy for coronavirus. if the Government will work with the opposition on the question of what happens at the next stage of the coronavirus exit strategy.Questions from the Scottish National Party's Westminster LeaderThe Scottish National Party's Westminster Leader, Ian Blackford, asked:about the deadline for the Brexit negotiations, which is at the end of the year. He went on to ask "why is the Government threatening to isolate our economy at the end of the year during the biggest economic crisis of our time?" because the Government is "shamefully gambling our economic future with a no deal Brexit". Full list of topics and questioners 

Key Points: 

Questions from the Leader of the Opposition

  • The Leader of the Opposition, Keir Startmer asked:
    • about deaths outside of hospitals, including care homes and testing.
    • He asked the First Minister, Dominic Raab, if he thinks the total amount of covid-19 related deaths are "truly dreadful".
    • why he thinks coronavirus spreads so fast in the care sector.
    • for an update on the figures of those who have died on the frontline in healthcare and social work.
    • about PPE for frontline staff. He said "it is ten weeks since the Health Secretary declared that there was a serious and imminent threat to life" and 1 in 4 doctors are still not getting the protection they need.
    • about coronavirus testing, saying there are "obviously still significant problems" as "demand has gone through the rough". He asked if Dominic Raab can clarify whether the Government's target for 250,000 coronavirus tests a day is still a Government target and when the Government will hit the target.
    • about the transparency of the Government's exit strategy for coronavirus.
    •  if the Government will work with the opposition on the question of what happens at the next stage of the coronavirus exit strategy.

Questions from the Scottish National Party's Westminster Leader

  • The Scottish National Party's Westminster Leader, Ian Blackford, asked:
    • about the deadline for the Brexit negotiations, which is at the end of the year. He went on to ask "why is the Government threatening to isolate our economy at the end of the year during the biggest economic crisis of our time?" because the Government is "shamefully gambling our economic future with a no deal Brexit". 

Full list of topics and questioners 

Prime Minister's Questions: 29 April 2020

Thursday, April 30, 2020 - 12:03am

Questions from the Leader of the OppositionThe Leader of the Opposition, Keir Startmer asked:about deaths outside of hospitals, including care homes and testing.He asked the First Minister, Dominic Raab, if he thinks the total amount of covid-19 related deaths are "truly dreadful".why he thinks coronavirus spreads so fast in the care sector.for an update on the figures of those who have died on the frontline in healthcare and social work.about PPE for frontline staff. He said "it is ten weeks since the Health Secretary declared that there was a serious and imminent threat to life" and 1 in 4 doctors are still not getting the protection they need.about coronavirus testing, saying there are "obviously still significant problems" as "demand has gone through the rough". He asked if Dominic Raab can clarify whether the Government's target for 250,000 coronavirus tests a day is still a Government target and when the Government will hit the target.about the transparency of the Government's exit strategy for coronavirus. if the Government will work with the opposition on the question of what happens at the next stage of the coronavirus exit strategy.Questions from the Scottish National Party's Westminster LeaderThe Scottish National Party's Westminster Leader, Ian Blackford, asked:about the deadline for the Brexit negotiations, which is at the end of the year. He went on to ask "why is the Government threatening to isolate our economy at the end of the year during the biggest economic crisis of our time?" because the Government is "shamefully gambling our economic future with a no deal Brexit". Full list of topics and questioners 

Key Points: 

Questions from the Leader of the Opposition

  • The Leader of the Opposition, Keir Startmer asked:
    • about deaths outside of hospitals, including care homes and testing.
    • He asked the First Minister, Dominic Raab, if he thinks the total amount of covid-19 related deaths are "truly dreadful".
    • why he thinks coronavirus spreads so fast in the care sector.
    • for an update on the figures of those who have died on the frontline in healthcare and social work.
    • about PPE for frontline staff. He said "it is ten weeks since the Health Secretary declared that there was a serious and imminent threat to life" and 1 in 4 doctors are still not getting the protection they need.
    • about coronavirus testing, saying there are "obviously still significant problems" as "demand has gone through the rough". He asked if Dominic Raab can clarify whether the Government's target for 250,000 coronavirus tests a day is still a Government target and when the Government will hit the target.
    • about the transparency of the Government's exit strategy for coronavirus.
    •  if the Government will work with the opposition on the question of what happens at the next stage of the coronavirus exit strategy.

Questions from the Scottish National Party's Westminster Leader

  • The Scottish National Party's Westminster Leader, Ian Blackford, asked:
    • about the deadline for the Brexit negotiations, which is at the end of the year. He went on to ask "why is the Government threatening to isolate our economy at the end of the year during the biggest economic crisis of our time?" because the Government is "shamefully gambling our economic future with a no deal Brexit". 

Full list of topics and questioners 

New Sub-Committees appointed by the European Union Committee

Friday, April 24, 2020 - 12:04am

The European Union Committee has adopted a new structure to reflect the United Kingdom's changed relationship with the European Union.

Key Points: 
  • The European Union Committee has adopted a new structure to reflect the United Kingdom's changed relationship with the European Union.
  • The new structure, which involves a reduction from six to four EU facing Sub-Committees, sits alongside a revised terms of reference agreed by the House of Lords on 17 March 2020, is designed to help the Committee to scrutinise the Government's policies and actions in respect of the EU, including the conduct of negotiations on the UK-EU relationship and its implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement, and to consider EU proposals in detail.
  • The Committee will also, through its new International Agreements sub-committee, scrutinise all new international agreements, or treaties, negotiated and concluded by the UK Government with countries and organisations other than the EU.

New Sub-Committees appointed by the European Union Committee

Friday, April 24, 2020 - 12:03am

The European Union Committee has adopted a new structure to reflect the United Kingdom's changed relationship with the European Union.

Key Points: 
  • The European Union Committee has adopted a new structure to reflect the United Kingdom's changed relationship with the European Union.
  • The new structure, which involves a reduction from six to four EU facing Sub-Committees, sits alongside a revised terms of reference agreed by the House of Lords on 17 March 2020, is designed to help the Committee to scrutinise the Government's policies and actions in respect of the EU, including the conduct of negotiations on the UK-EU relationship and its implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement, and to consider EU proposals in detail.
  • The Committee will also, through its new International Agreements sub-committee, scrutinise all new international agreements, or treaties, negotiated and concluded by the UK Government with countries and organisations other than the EU.